Roman Catholic Catechism: “Eucharist” Excerpts

Note: The Bible is not the sole source of Roman Catholic Doctrine.

Part 1, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 3, # 460
Jesus came to make men gods

    “…For the Son of God became man so that we might become God.“(Athanasius)

    “The only-begotten Son of God, wanting to make us sharers in his divinity, assumed our nature, so that he, made man, might make men gods.” (Aquinas)

Part 2 Section 2 ch. 1, Article 3, The Sacrament of the Eucharist

    The holy Eucharist completes Christian initiation. #1322

    The Eucharist is “the source and summit of the Christian life…” #1324

    The Eucharist is the heart and the summit of the Church’s life…by this sacrifice he pours out the graces of salvation on his Body which is the Church. #1407

    To receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself. #1336

Real Presence and Transubstantiation

    “…Christ is present whole and entire in each of the species and whole and entire in each of their parts, in such a way that the breaking of the bread does not divide Christ.” #1377

    “…This presence is called ‘real’…it is a substantial presence by which Christ, God and man, makes himself wholly and entirely present.” #1374

    “In the liturgy of the Mass we express our faith in the real presence of Christ under the species of bread and wine by, among other ways, genuflecting or bowing deeply as a sign of adoration of the Lord…” #1378

    “It is Christ himself, the eternal high priest of the New Covenant who, acting through the ministry of the priests, offers the Eucharistic sacrifice…” #1410

    “By the consecration, the transubstantiation of the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ is brought about…Christ himself…is present…his Body and his Blood, with his soul and his divinity (cf. Council of Trent: DS 1640; 1651).” #1413

Eucharist, union

    “Holy Communion, because by this sacrament we unite ourselves to Christ, who makes us sharers in his Body and Blood to form a single body.” #1331

    “…But the celebration of the Eucharistic sacrifice is wholly directed toward the intimate union of the faithful with Christ through communion. To receive communion is to receive Christ himself who has offered himself for us.” #1382

    “Holy Communion augments our union with Christ. The principal fruit of receiving the Eucharist in Holy Communion is an intimate union with Christ Jesus.”#1391

    The Eucharist is also the sacrifice of the Church. The Church which is the Body of Christ participates in the offering of her Head. With him, she herself is offered whole and entire…” #1368

    “The whole Church is united with the offering and intercession of Christ…the Pope is associated with every celebration of the Eucharist, wherein he is named as the sign and servant of the unity of the universal Church…”

    Through the ministry of priests the spiritual sacrifice of the faithful is completed in union with the sacrifice of Christ the only Mediator, which in the Eucharist is offered through the priests’ hands in the name of the whole Church in an unbloody and sacramental manner…#1369

Eucharist, living forever

    There is no surer pledge or clearer sign of this great hope in the new heavens and new earth “in which righteousness dwells,” than the Eucharist…the food that makes us live for ever in Jesus Christ.” 1405

    Having passed from this world to the Father, Christ gives us in the Eucharist the pledge of glory with him. Participation in the Holy Sacrifice identifies us with his Heart…and unites us even now to the Church in heaven, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and all the saints. #1419

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