Red Mass, Blue Mass

Red Mass
The first recorded Red Mass was celebrated in the Cathedral of Paris in 1245,
and the ceremony spread to most European countries. The Bishops’ vestments
and the judges’ robes are red. The Red Mass was introduced into the United
States in 1928, at the Church of St. Andrew, New York City.

    The First US Red Mass, October 15, 1928
    This article from Time Magazine states that at the first US Red Mass in 1928, Cardinal Hayes advocated that every Catholic lawyer ought to have the crucifix in his heart. The belief seemed to be that every wound in the body of Jesus in the crucifix pours out mercy on the guilty and the crucifix was not allowed in the courts.
    The Red Mass 2005
    President attends 52nd Annual Red Mass October 2, 2005
    “President George Bush walks out of St. Matthew’s Cathedral with Cardinal Theodore McCarrick and Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts after attending the 52nd Annual Red Mass in Washington, DC, Sunday, October 2, 2005. The Red Mass, a historical tradition within
    the Catholic Church, is held on the Sunday before the opening session
    of the Supreme Court.” White House photo by Shealah Craighead.

    What Is the Red Mass? October 4, 2005 by Melissah Pawlikowski
    “Last Sunday, the 52nd annual Red Mass was held in Washington D.C.’s Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle. As the symbolically rich ceremony marks the beginning of the Supreme Court’s term, attendants included President George Bush, newly appointed Chief Justice John Roberts, along with associate justices Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas, Anthony Kennedy, and Stephen Breyer.”

    Homily for the 52nd Annual Red Mass, St. Matthew’s Cathedral
    Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick, Archbishop of Washington
    Washington, DC, October 2, 2005

    Faith in the Workplace, Kate Barrett 10/6/05
    “Closer to home, we celebrated the annual Red Mass at the Basilica on Sunday, a liturgy at which Bishop John D’Arcy and the other presiders
    and participants asked the Holy Spirit to bless in a particular way all
    those in the legal profession.

    “The Red Mass takes place each year, not coincidentally, on the Sunday prior to the opening of the Supreme Court’s current session. Also on Sunday, in fact, Bush attended the 52nd annual Red Mass at St. Matthew’s Cathedral in Washington, D.C. with Roberts, who is Catholic.”

    The Red Mass 10/2/2007
    Critical Mass:
    Bishops Advise Supreme Court On The Laws Of God
    10/2/2007
    “But once a year, many of the justices sit through a lecture where they
    are patiently instructed on how to vote on a number of important con-
    stitutional issues. This event takes places in the context of a worship
    service. It is called the Red Mass.

    “The Catholic Archdiocese of Washington, D.C., working with the John Carroll Society, sponsors this special service…

    “This year’s service at St. Matthew’s Cathedral took place Sept. 30. It was attended by six members of the high court—Chief Justice John G. Roberts and Justices Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas, Samuel A. Alito, Anthony M. Kennedy and Stephen G. Breyer. (Members of Congress and other government officials also were present)…”—by Rob Boston

    Red Mass 2008
    Judiciary Gathers for Red Mass 2008
    “Five Supreme Court justices, dozens of lower federal court judges, law school deans and lawyers—along with foreign ambassadors and at least one Cabinet secretary—were in attendance this morning for the pomp-filled Red Mass at the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in D.C…

    “The mass is timed for the day before the opening of the Supreme Court’s new term, and is meant to convey the Roman Catholic church’s blessing on the judicial and civic leaders of the community.

    “Sitting up front were Chief Justice John Roberts Jr. and his wife Jane, who is on the board of governors of the John Carroll Society, which sponsors the mass, now in its 55th year. The other justices attending were Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas and Stephen Breyer.

    “Other judges spotted in the pews or as ushers included: Judge Francis Allegra of the U.S. Court of Federal Claims, former Chief Judge Thomas Hogan of U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, and Magistrate Judge John Facciola. Kimberly Moore of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit gave a reading. The Cabinet member attending was Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutierrez.

    “Cardinal John Foley, a Vatican official with roots in Philadelphia and in journalism, offered the homily or sermon. He spoke of the parallels between the legal profession and religious callings…”
    Tony Mauro, October 05, 2008

    Justices attend Red Mass before new term
    By Natasha Metzler, The Associated Press, October 5, 2008
    “The law is a guide to an orderly society, an American cardinal said an a church service Sunday that included five Supreme Court justices ahead
    of the start of their new term…

    “Four of the five Roman Catholics on the high court—Chief Justice John Roberts and Justices Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy and Clarence Thomas—came to worship at the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle;
    the fifth, Justice Samuel Alito, did not attend. They were joined by
    Justice Stephen Breyer, who is Jewish.”

    Red Mass Goes Mild, October 6, 2008
    “…Yesterday was the Sunday before the first Monday in October—the day when the justices are invited to the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in Washington, D.C., to participate in the Red Mass…

    “This year, five justices attended, including Chief Justice John Roberts Jr. and Justices Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas and Stephen Breyer.

    “The Red Mass…is sponsored by the John Carroll Society and is considered by the church to be “a traditional religious observance asking God’s guidance on the administration of justice, and for the Nation.”

    “In reality, it often is a rich opportunity for Catholic clerics to lobby the justices and other governmental officials on such controversial issues as church-state relations, abortion, gay rights, tax aid to religious schools and stem-cell research…”—By Sandhya Bathija

Blue Mass 1934
In 1934, Thomas Dade, a Catholic Priest from Baltimore, Maryland Archdiocese initiated the Catholic Police and Firemen’s Society while stationed at St. Patrick Catholic Church in Washington, D.C. About 1,100 police and firemen dressed in blue uniforms marched into St. Patrick’s Catholic Church for the celebration of the First Blue Mass on September 29th, 1934.

The Blue Mass became an annual tradition in the Northeastern Cities of the United States. Bishop Norbert Dorsey, of the Diocese of Orlando joined in the tradition on October 5, 2001 by celebrating the First Annual Blue Mass at the Cathedral of St. James in Orlando. Over 500 men and women in blue from law enforcement and fire-rescue joined the Bishop for this special liturgical celebration. A luncheon followed in the Parish Center.

    Blue Mass Angel 2004
    Angels have long been believed to possess the power to protect, console and heal, especially during difficult times. This particular image of the shows the Blue Mass “Angel Rising”, a symbol of our rising from the ashes of grief and loss.

    FDNY Family Transport New York, October 9, 2004
    Every October, we host the Annual Blue Mass for Police Officers and Firefighters.

    Firefighters of the FDNY and police officers of the NYPD gathered together to celebrate the 1st Annual Blue Mass at St. Peter’s Church,
    not far from Ground Zero.

    Sponsored by the FDNY Family Transport, this holy event is the very
    first in what will be celebrated annually in recognition of the mutual appreciation of the members of service in both the New York Police Department and Fire Department of New York.

    Knights of Columbus to Host Blue Mass 2/24/2006
    Hundreds of police officers, firefighters and emergency services personnel and their families are expected to attend the annual Blue Mass—hosted by the Knights of Columbus—on Sunday, Feb. 26, at 10 a.m. at St. Mary’s Church, 5 Hillhouse Ave., New Haven.

    The Mass honors police, firefighters and other emergency and law enforcement personnel and their families. All emergency and law enforcement personnel in the greater New Haven area, and their families, are invited to attend…

    The Knights of Columbus Supreme Council began the Blue Mass in New Haven in 2002 and has hosted it annually each year since. Similar Blue Masses have been organized by Knights of Columbus Councils nationwide.

This information is for my post:
The Real Presence in the Eucharist: Evangelization of America through Politics

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